“This agreement also helps us develop the space component for new missions to monitor the health of the planet.” The authorization gives the green light to the launch of industrial contracts for the six missions. However, before the missions can be fully developed, two important steps must be taken: an agreement between THEA and the EU on the eu-co-funded part of the programme and a positive decision by the EC and the EU/ESA Member States to move from stage B2 to phase C/D. While these contracts apply to the development of these three exciting new missions, full implementation depends on other agreements. These include an agreement between ESA and the European Commission, including a positive joint decision by the Commission and ESA and its Member States to move from phase B2 to phase C/D for prototype missions and to obtain the recurrent satellite units. This decision point is expected in the second half of 2021. The L-Band Synthetic Aperture Radar, ROSE-L, mission, will carry a synthetic L-band altimeter that penetrates through materials such as vegetation to support forest management and monitor soil subsidence and moisture. Thales Alenia Space Italy will lead the €482 million development. THE GISC was implemented with reference to other initiatives such as INSPIRE (Infrastructure for Spatial Information in the European Community) and SEIS (Shared Environmental Information System), as well as existing networks for coordination and data exchange. Coordinated access to data retains the ability to directly link data providers and service providers, as they are based on the principles of SEIS and INSPIRE. The implementation of INSPIRE is part of the synergies and metadata standards used in GISC. OHB SYSTEM Germany will take the lead in this development for an amount of 445 million euros.
The development of the pre-enterprise version of the services was carried out through a series of projects launched by the European Commission and funded in part by the EU`s 7th Framework Programme (FP7). These projects were geoland2 (Country), MyOcean (Marine), SAFER (emergency response), MACC and its successor MACC II (atmosphere) and G-MOSAIC (security). Most of these projects have also contributed to climate change monitoring. The Copernicus Polar Ice and Snow Topography Altimeter, CRISTAL, Mission, will carry a multi-frequency radar altimeter and a microwave radiometer to measure and monitor the thickness of the pack ice and the snow depth above. Airbus Defence and Space Germany will lead this evolution with an order value of €300 million. With the new industrial contracts, the main design phases (phase B) of these six missions begin. The whole package is co-financed by the EU and the ESA Member States and builds on future funds under the EU`s Multiannual Financial Framework. .