On 23 March 2018, EU and UK negotiators reached an agreement on the draft withdrawal agreement allowing the European Council (Article 50) to adopt guidelines for the framework for future eu-UK relations. Additional certificates of protection are governed by EU law, but they are requested and issued as individual national rights. The withdrawal agreement confirms that N. SCS applications expired at the end of the transition period are granted and that they enjoy the same level of protection as existing CPS. The UK government has already implemented the provisions of the agreement. A new EU Settled Worker has been fully operational since March 2019 and its provisions are more generous than the terms of the agreement. What is critical is that complainants are not required to provide evidence to confirm their ability in the United Kingdom. The government has suggested that, even if the agreement is not adopted, it will comply with the provisions on the protection of citizens` rights to the extent that it can do so unilaterally. Therefore, in the case of a non-agreement scenario, EU citizens in the UK should remain able to apply for status in accordance with the terms set out in the agreement. After the WAB becomes law, the withdrawal agreement must also be ratified by the European Parliament. However, in this scenario, trade in goods between the rest of the UK and the EU would be much steeper. In addition, there would be new trade barriers for goods relocated from Britain to Northern Ireland. Indeed, in the absence of trade agreements, the United Kingdom would return to “WTO” trade terms with the EU, since this protocol does not provide substantial rules for trade in goods between the EU and the United Kingdom, with the exception of Northern Ireland.
The previous “backstop” did so and this “backstop” could not be removed without the agreement of the EU and the United Kingdom. The agreement was revised as part of the Johnson Department renegotiation in 2019. The amendments fit about 5% of the text.  The withdrawal agreement came into force on 1 February 2020, after being adopted on 17 October 2019, at the same time as the political declaration setting out the framework for the future partnership ENTRE the EU and the United Kingdom. The draft protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland in the draft withdrawal agreement will translate into a legal text the “backstop” position for Northern Ireland, the third of three options for Northern Ireland presented in the EU-UK Joint Report of December 2017. Option 1, which is the Option preferred by the United Kingdom, is to resolve the issue in the context of future relations and, in Option 2, the United Kingdom proposes specific solutions to deal with the unique circumstances of the Island of Ireland.