Ceta will abolish most tariffs (import taxes) on goods traded between the EU and Canada. Tariffs on poultry, meat and eggs are maintained. Ceta has also streamlined product testing procedures by expanding mutual recognition and reducing the costs of trading in animal and plant products. In the service sector, Ceta provides a framework for mutual recognition of professional qualifications and removes some unfair nationality requirements. For much of Ceta, it is about continuing cooperation on service rules, rather than actually extending market access to sectors that have previously been closed. The concepts of “Australian Brexit” or “Canadian” are intended to explain to the British public the kind of trade relationship they can expect with the EU if no preferential free trade agreement is reached between the UK and the EU at the end of the transition period. On the day the agreement was signed, protesters took to the streets of Brussels, while Italy threatened not to ratify the agreement because it did not adequately protect “geographic indications.” “We are bigger and closer than Canada, and we are making a hell of a lot more trade [with the EU],” said Anand Menon, director of the U.K. think tank in a changing Europe. “As far as the EU is concerned, we are much more of a potential threat to the EU for competition.” Looking at British negotiators, it is easy to understand why CETA is a potentially attractive model for the UK`s future relationship with the EU. Historical evidence shows that trade agreements take between four and nine years to conclude.
So far, it appears that the details of a trade agreement have not been sufficiently progressed. CETA is “ready” and use as a model reduces the likely trading time and increases the chances of being able to say that the negotiating position chosen has resulted in an acceptable agreement. In the eyes of British negotiators, the EU`s ability to oppose issues in principle when it has previously agreed on a compromise with Canada is also limited, even though CETA is the proposal. A CETA also has attractive elements from the UK`s point of view, which loosen the UK`s ties with Brussels and free the UK from perceived links of free movement, financial contributions, EU law and restrictions on its pursuit of an independent trade policy. Negotiations ended in August 2014. All 28 EU member states have approved the final text of CETA, with Belgium being the last country to give its approval.  Justin Trudeau, Prime Minister of Canada, travelled to Brussels on October 30, 2016 to sign on behalf of Canada.  The European Parliament approved the agreement on 15 February 2017.  The agreement is subject to ratification by the EU and national lawmakers.   It could only come into force if, at Belgium`s request, the European Court of Justice had not issued a negative opinion on the dispute settlement mechanism.  In its opinion, the European Court of Justice found that the dispute settlement mechanism was in line with EU law.  Until it enters into formal force, the essential parts apply on an interim basis from 21 September 2017.
 CetA`s consolidated text contains a long section on “intellectual property rights,” intellectual property rights, IPRs (